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Clean Energy News Vol. 11, Number 38, November 30, 2011

Clean Energy News
Vol. 11, Number 38, Novemebr 30, 2011
CE News is a free weekly e-mail publications that features news, information and events related tp clean energy, clean air and climate change. CE News is published by Clean Energy Nepal. For more information on our campaign please visit
•    Global Day Of Action Campaign In Nepal
•    Baglung Forests Get Cash from UK for Cutting Carbon   
•    Problem Resurfaces in Kaligandaki ‘A’
•    'Enforce Code of Conduct in Public Transport'
•    Bike Registration up Four-Fold
•    Discourage Petroleum Imports: Indian Envoy
•    245 Megawatts Power Import from India Only by 2013     
•    Govt Plan to Address Fuel Woes
•    Kyoto Protocol a "Thing Of The Past", Says Canada
•    Qatar, Greenhouse Gas Titan, Will Host Next U.N. Climate Summit
•    Carbon Credit Market for HFC-23 Racked by Fraud
•    Abrupt Permafrost Thaw Increases Climate Threat, Experts Say
•    Carbon Piracy, Lack of Recognition of Indigenous Rights Undermining REDD in Peru, Alleges Report
•    US Carbon Capture Project Starts to Bury One Million Tonnes of CO2
•    Financing Battle Emerges at Climate Change Talks
•    Link Of The Week
•    Did You Know?
•    Media Watch
•    QUIZ Of The Week #  500
•    Answer Of Quiz Of The Week # 499
Local News
Global Day Of Action Campaign In Nepal

Street drama on climate change and Photo Exhibition on Climate Change Adaptation is being organized to show the solidarity for global climate justice on the occasion of Global Day of Action, December 3, 2011 at Basantapur Durbar Square, Kathmandu.

3 shows would be screened at 10 a.m, 1 p.m and 4 p.m. Inauguration of the program and prize distribution to the winners of photography completion would start at 9:30 a.m. Top 20 photographs from Nationwide photography competition on Climate Change Adaptation in Nepal would be displayed  at the event. Through exhibition of top 20 photos, status of climate change adaptation in Nepal would be demonstrated.

The main objective of the event is to clarify and to increase the understanding of climate change and the human impact on it and to help to clarify the values and feelings towards the environment.

The event is being organized by Climate Change Network Nepal, Nepalese Youth for Climate Action. The event is being supported by Oxfam and European Commission.

Baglung Forests Get Cash from UK for Cutting Carbon   
By Dilip Paudel

Two community forests in Baglung have received financial support from a UK-based organization, Plan Vivo, for their significant contribution to carbon reduction.

Stating that the forests in Resh and Damak VDCs have contributed to environmental balance by helping to compensate for carbon emissions, the carbon trading organization provided Rs 600,000 as the first phase of an ´environmental compensation service.´ Talking to Repulica, President of Resh Community Forest Sharada Thapa said it was a matter of pleasure for all members of the forest users group to be acknowledged and supported by a foreign organization. “We did not know at all that we would be getting aid from a foreign country for preserving our own forests,” she quipped. “This has certainly encouraged us!” Plan Vivo noted that the forests were ahead in plantat ion and in forest and waters sources preservation, among other effective forest conservation measures.  As news of the financial support for forests spread, other community forest members have become equally excited. President of Malu Community Forest Muktiram Thapa said that they have tried their best to preserve the water sources in that forest.  “We have constructed a pond with a capacity of 170,000 liters within the forest area, “he said, adding, “We are mindful that there should be no lack of water for wild animals and birds”. Interestingly, environmental issues have gripped locals here. According to Deputy Manager of Ruprantaran Nepal Interim Forest Project Lilaraj Paudel, a 10-year plan has been framed to carry out environment friendly activities at the initiative of locals. “How much carbon the forests in Resh and Damek actually reduce is under investigation,” he informed, adding that the youths in the two VDCs have started working even more efficiently after learning about the compensation paid to the two community forests. Similarly, Secretary of Community Forest Users Federation Prem Lamichhane said forests are not only contributing to environment but also providing several schemes to better the income levels of locals. “The community forests are providing good income generating opportunities to people below the poverty line.” He added that locals are also aware about the importance of herbal medicines found in the forests. “They are keen to preserve such plants.”

Source: November 29, 2011

Problem Resurfaces in Kaligandaki ‘A’

By Janu Pangeni

Electricity generation in the largest hydropower project of the country Kaligandaki ‘A’ is likely to be affected as a problem has surfaced in one of the three gates of its dam.

Technicians at the project said the gate’s concrete I-beam is damaged and water is leaking out from there. Power generation in the project was halted for 48 hours during early summer this year and again for six hours recently after a similar problem appeared in another gate. “Power generation in the project may come to a halt again if there is any delay in repairing the gates,” said a technician. The project’s chief Madan Timilsina said their plan to carry out maintenance work was affected as no suitable company was selected from the tender process initiated by the project’s office in Kathmandu. “No one showed willingness to submit applications when the tender was announced for the first time and then no suitable company applied in the second announcement,” he said. “The office is now announcing the tender for the third time.”

Source: November 28, 2011

'Enforce Code of Conduct in Public Transport'

A code of conduct should be enforced effectively in the public transport for controlling violence against women in public transport.

Speaking in an interaction on public transport and violence against women organized by Action Works Nepal and Outline Media here on Sunday, the stakeholders stressed on the need of enforcing the code of conduct effectively in the public transport and taking strong legal action against the offenders. Former Minister for Labour and Transport Management and Nepali Congress leader, Ramesh Lekhak said although adequate legislation is in place for controlling violence against women in the public transport sector, their implementation aspect is weak. “Violence in public transport sector is also included under the workplace violence, and women victims of violence in public transport could file complaints under this provision,” he said. Maoist CA member Devi Khadka stressed the need of women empowerment for reducing all forms of violence against women including the violence against them in public transport. “It is not the code of conduct that will reduce the violence against women; there is a need for changing social attitude towards women,” she suggested. CA members Shanti Adhikari, Meera Pun and Shanta Chaudhary stressed enforcing a code of conduct in public transport effectively. Chairperson of Action Works Nepal, Radha Paudel presented the findings of a research study on violence against women in public transport. Member of the National Women’s Commission, Mona Ansari, Deputy Inspector General of Police (DIGP), Bimala Thapa, representatives of various governmental and non-governmental organizations and women’s rights activists participated in the interaction.

Source: November 28, 2011

Bike Registration up Four-Fold

Festival season boost to bike sales resulted in registration of new bikes soaring four times in the Bagmati zone.

According to the data received from Department of Transport Management (DoTM), 17,970 bikes were registered in Bagmati zone in the month of October-November whereas the sale was limited to 4,158 units in the month of September-October. "Sale of bikes in the last month is better than expected and it certainly indicated an improvement in the market conditions," said Saurabh Jyoti, president of Nepal Automobile Dealers Association (NADA). Automobile market in the country has been facing a slump in sales for a year now.  The government has already collected Rs 389,950,099 in revenue from the Bagmati zone in the current fiscal year. "Sale was satisfactory this month except for the fact that we would prefer consistent growth instead of this scenario," said Jyoti. Because of the inconsistent growth this month, some automobile companies could not meet the market demand. "We were not able to supply enough Pulsar 220 because the demand was much higher than we had expected," said Ashish Sharma, showroom manager of Bajaj Showroom, Teku.  Dealers cannot make an equilibrium with demand and supply in these haphazard conditions, which create a long-term problem to the companies. "Sometimes, even the market image of a brand can take some beating if supply is not enough," said Jyoti. However, compared to last year´s figures for the same period, automobile market is not out of the troubled waters yet. Sales of two-wheelers have been hit by almost 20 percent. In order to welcome improving market conditions, NADA along with the government bodies are working on road extension, traffic management, minimizing accidents and other road related issues. "As a part of our social corporate responsibility, we are working together to make it possible. The government is also supportive and has allocated high amount of budget for road reforms," said Jyoti.

Source: November 26, 2011

Discourage Petroleum Imports: Indian Envoy

Indian ambassador to Nepal Jayant Prasad Friday urged Nepal to cut down import of petroleum products country´s key import item from India and encourage investment in sectors having competitive advantage to boost exports.

“Nepal needs reduce the import of petroleum products and encourage industries having comparative advantages if wants to narrow down its trade deficit with India,” Prasad said, addressing a workshop on Nepal-India Economic Relation and Role of Economic Journalists in Present Context´ jointly organized jointly by Society of Economic Journalists-Nepal (SEJON) and BP Koirala India-Nepal Foundation. Speaking on the occasion, former finance minister Dr Ram Saran Mahat stressed the need to take benefits from India. Finance Minister Barsha Man Pun urged Indian investor to increase their investment in Nepal, stating that investment climate in the country was gradually improving following the signing of peace deal with major political parties and the Bilateral Investment Promotion and Protection Agreement (BIPPA) with India. Nepal Rastra Bank Governor Dr Yuba Raj Khatiwada underscored the need to increase investment in areas having competitive advantage like health, education, tourism, finance, and transport and hydropower sector.

Source: November 25, 2011

245 Megawatts Power Import from India Only by 2013   
By Akanshya Shah

India and Nepal have agreed to convene the Power Exchange Committee meeting between 14 and 15 December to address the power crisis faced by Nepal. This will be followed by ministerial level water talks between the two neighbors early next year.

The PEC will determine the technical aspects and explore all possibilities for supply of 100 MW power to Nepal immediately through maintenance and other works from various points available within three months. “In addition, the two sides are working on the possibility of importing 145 MW additional power from India to meet the demand in Nepal,” Sher Singh Bhatt, the spokesperson of Nepal Electricity Authority and the member of visiting delegation to India told Republica. In totality India and Nepal would work out all possibilities of importing to Nepal a total of 145 MW additional power in two years timeframe. India and Nepal recorded the 12-point meeting minutes in the conclusion of the two-day JCWR (Joint Committee on Water Resources) meeting here in New Delhi. The sixth JCWR has reviewed the whole gamut of water issues between Nepal and India, including the controversial Koshi, Mahakali and Gandak treaties, Keshav Dhoj Adhikari, the spokesperson of Department of Electricity Development informed Republica.  In particular, the two sides agreed to complete the Detail Project Report of Koshi high dam project within two years. The Terms of Reference of the Pansheswor Development Authority would be finalized by Indian cabinet within three months. Power Trade Agreement is also soon to be finalized as Nepal has already submitted the draft of the proposal and is awaiting India’s go ahead. India has also promised the much-needed financial assistance to complete the cross-border transmission line projects. The minutes were signed by Energy secretary Balananda Poudel on behalf of Nepal and Dhruv Bijay Singh, a secretary at water resource ministry of India, on behalf of the 15-member Indian delegation. Speaking to Republica after the signing ceremony, secretary Singh said, “We must move ahead positively by keeping aside all past differences,” adding, “We want to work in close corporation with Nepal to take forward the feasible hydropower projects ahead.” The meeting has been termed “successful” and “positive” by both the sides. This is seen as a direct fallout of the goodwill visit of Prime Minister Baburam Bhattarai last month to India.

Source: November 26, 2011

Govt Plan to Address Fuel Woes

Minister for Commerce and Supplies Lekhraj Bhatta today said the government is mulling over ways to deal with the shortage of petroleum products in the country.

“Shortage of petroleum products is natural as we have to import these products. The government is thinking of ways to address the shortage,” Bhatta said, adding that dependency on fossil fuel can be reduced by tapping solar energy and generating hydropower. Minister Bhatta was speaking at the concluding ceremony of the Second National Industrial and Trade Fair and Agriculture and Tourism Festival that FNCCI (Rupandehi) had held in Bhairahawa today. At the programme, other speakers demanded that the government control smuggling of goods from across the border and develop infrastructure in Rupandehi to attract more tourists.

Source: November 28, 2011
International News
Kyoto Protocol a "Thing Of The Past", Says Canada

By David Ljunggren

Canada dismissed the Kyoto Protocol on climate change on Monday as a thing of the past, but declined to confirm a media report it will formally pull out of the international treaty before the end of this year.

Although the Conservative government walked away from its Kyoto obligations years ago, a formal withdrawal would deal a symbolic blow to global talks to save the agreement, which opened in Durban, South Africa on Monday. Canada says it backs a new global deal to cut emissions of greenhouse gases, but insists it has to cover all nations, including China and India, which are not bound by Kyoto's current targets. Although Japan and Russia share Canada's view, and the United States never ratified Kyoto, no nation has yet formally renounced the treaty. "Kyoto is the past," Environment Minister Peter Kent told reporters in Ottawa, describing the decision by Canada's previous Liberal government to sign on to the protocol as "one of the biggest blunders they made." The Conservatives who green groups say are recklessly pushing development of the Alberta oil sands and ignoring the environment complain the Liberals signed Kyoto and then did nothing to stop the country's emissions from soaring. "What we know is that we cannot comply with it ... that's a fact," Natural Resources Minister Joe Oliver told reporters. CTV News said Ottawa would announce its formal withdrawal from Kyoto on December 23, once the Durban talks are over. "I'm neither confirming nor denying (the report)," said Kent, who announced Canada would spend C$600 million ($583 million) over the next five years to help improve air quality. Peter Julian of the New Democrats said Kent's presence at Durban would be a total charade. "He's going to go there to obstruct, bury progress, derail the discussions and act like an environmental vandal," Julian told the House of Commons.

Canada has long been the focus of environmentalists' ire and regularly wins "Fossil of the Day" awards at major international meetings. "Countries should be asking themselves why Canada is sitting at the Kyoto negotiating table with a secret plan to formally withdraw from the protocol mere weeks after the talks end. This move is a slap in the face to the international community ... Shame on Canada," said Hannah McKinnon of Climate Action Network Canada.

Source: November 29, 2011

Qatar, Greenhouse Gas Titan, Will Host Next U.N. Climate Summit

By John M. Broder

The Persian Gulf nation of Qatar has been selected as the site of next year’s United Nations climate change meeting, edging out South Korea. The announcement came as this year’s meeting opened in Durban, South Africa, with delegates from 194 nations facing growing concerns about rising global temperatures and more frequent climate-related catastrophes.

The announcement from the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change said that Qatar and South Korea would work closely to mold the agenda for next year’s meeting, known as the 18th annual Conference of the Parties, or COP 18. The meetings rotate among regions. The 2009 meeting was held in Copenhagen; last year’s meeting was in Cancún, Mexico. “I congratulate these two countries on their commitment to work together in the lead-up to and during the COP,” said Christiana Figueres, the Costa Rican diplomat who heads the U.N.F.C.C.C. “Both countries are leaders in their own ways, and can generate strong synergies to put the world on a more climate-safe path.” The press release does not mention that Qatar, which sits atop vast natural gas deposits, has the highest per-capita greenhouse gas emissions in the world, according to the United Nations Statistics Division. Qatar’s 2007 annual per-capita emissions of 55 tons were nearly three times those of the United States.

Source: November 29, 2011

Carbon Credit Market for HFC-23 Racked by Fraud

By Jeremy Hance

An effort to decrease emissions of the super greenhouse gas HFC-23 has led to a largely-false carbon market that should be eliminated, says the Environmental Investigation Agency (EIA).

HFC-23 is a byproduct of the refrigerant HCFC-22, which is currently being phased out under the Montreal Protocol for its ozone-depleting and greenhouse gas properties. However, the effort to reduce HFC-23 through a carbon market has been hampered by companies in India and China producing extra HFC-23 just so they can capture and destroy it—and receive lucrative carbon funds. "Indian producers have recently reported revenue from HFC-23 credits to be double the sales of the actual refrigerant HCFC-22," explains Natasha Hurley, campaigner with EIA, in a press release. To deal with this fraudulent market, the UN Clean Development Mechanism (CDM) has proposed cutting the allowable emissions credits by two-thirds. However, EIA says this doesn't go far enough. "[It] does nothing to fix this absurd subsidy which is not only damaging to the reputation of the CDM but also blocking international efforts to deal with all HFCs cost-effectively under the Montreal Protocol," Hurley says. In the US and Europe, manufacturers voluntarily capture and destroy HFC-23, which has a warming potential 1,810 times that of carbon dioxide. "On balance, HFC-23 crediting has already caused more harm than good for global climate, and clearly the only way to fix the HFC-23 methodology is to eliminate it," said Samuel LaBudde, EIA senior campaigner.

Source: November 30, 2011

Abrupt Permafrost Thaw Increases Climate Threat, Experts Say

As the Arctic warms, greenhouse gases will be released from thawing permafrost faster and at significantly higher levels than previous estimates, according to survey results from 41 international scientists published in the Nov. 30 issue of the journal Nature.

Permafrost thaw will release approximately the same amount of carbon as deforestation, say the authors, but the effect on climate will be 2.5 times bigger because emissions include methane, which has a greater effect on warming than carbon dioxide. The survey, led by University of Florida researcher Edward Schuur and University of Alaska Fairbanks graduate student Benjamin Abbott, asked climate experts what percentage of the surface permafrost is likely to thaw, how much carbon will be released and how much of that carbon will be methane. The authors estimate that the amount of carbon released by 2100 will be 1.7 to 5.2 times larger than reported in recent modeling studies, which used a similar warming scenario. "The larger estimate is due to the inclusion of processes missing from current models and new estimates of the amount of organic carbon stored deep in frozen soils," Abbott said. "There's more organic carbon in northern soils than there is in all living things combined; it's kind of mind boggling." Northern soils hold around 1,700 billion gigatons of organic carbon, around four times more than all the carbon ever emitted by modern human activity and twice as much as is now in the atmosphere, according to the latest estimate. When permafrost thaws, organic material in the soil decomposes and releases gases such as methane and carbon dioxide. "In most ecosystems organic matter is concentrated only in the top meter of soils, but when arctic soils freeze and thaw the carbon can work its way many meters down, said Abbott, who studies how carbon is released from collapsed landscapes called thermokarsts a process not accounted for in current models. Until recently that deep carbon was not included in soil inventories and it still is not accounted for in most climate models. "We know about a lot of processes that will affect the fate of arctic carbon, but we don't yet know how to incorporate them into climate models," Abbott said. "We're hoping to identify some of those processes and help the models catch up."

Most large-scale models assume that permafrost warming depends on how much the air above the permafrost is warming. Missing from the models, say the authors, are processes such as the effects of abrupt thawing that can melt an ice wedge, result in collapsed ground and accelerate additional thawing. "This survey is part of the scientific process, what we think is going to happen in the future, and how we come up with testable hypotheses for future research," Schurr said. "Our survey outlines the additional risk to society caused by thawing of the frozen North and the need to reduce fossil fuel use and deforestation." By integrating data from previous models with expert predictions the authors hope to provide a frame of reference for scientists studying all aspects of climate change. "Permafrost carbon release is not going to overshadow fossil fuel emissions as the main driver of climate change" said Schuur, "but it is an important amplifier of climate change."

Source: November 30, 2011

Carbon Piracy, Lack of Recognition of Indigenous Rights Undermining REDD in Peru, Alleges Report

Lack of meaningful consultation with indigenous communities over forest carbon projects is causing social conflict and undermining efforts to responsibly reduce emissions from deforestation and forest degradation in Peru under the REDD mechanism, argues a new report released during international climate talks in Durban.

The report, authored by three Peruvian indigenous organizations AIDESEP, FENAMAD and CARE and the Forest Peoples Programme, says that several REDD pilot projects "are already undermining the rights of indigenous peoples, and are leading to carbon piracy and conflicts over land and resources" in Peru. Project developers are roaming the jungle attempting to convince indigenous peoples and local communities to enter in to REDD deals with promises of millions of dollars in return for signing away their rights to control their land and forest carbon to third parties. Many deals are being conducted using strict confidentiality clauses and with no independent oversight or legal support for vulnerable communities. Some of these peoples are not yet fully literate in Spanish, but are being asked to sign complex commercial contracts in English that are subject to English law. Many communities have already come to regret some early deals made with carbon traders and NGOs, and are now attempting to extricate themselves. The report, which cites examples from eight of the 35 active REDD pilot projects covering some 7 million hectares in Peru, says that some communities' lack of secure land rights is a further complication for efforts to establish REDD+ projects in Peru. It notes that some 20 million hectares of indigenous territory in the Peruvian Amazon aren't legally recognized by the Peruvian government, yet some of these areas are now being targeted as "conservation concessions" for REDD projects, potentially restricting the rights of indigenous people to use these lands.

While the report expresses alarm about how REDD is progressing in Peru, it proposes another alternative: use REDD funds to secure indigenous peoples' territories and support community-based efforts to reduce greenhouse gas emissions. "These community and rights-based approaches are cost-effective and proven to protect forests," said a statement issued by AIDESEP. "Only in this way can REDD truly become an opportunity for indigenous peoples instead of a threat," added Alberto Pizango Chota, President of AIDESEP. The reality of REDD+ in Peru: Between Theory and Practice: Indigenous Amazonian Peoples' analyses and alternatives.

Source: November 30, 2011

US Carbon Capture Project Starts to Bury One Million Tonnes of CO2

An ambitious US carbon capture and storage (CCS) project has begun a three-year trial to pump one million tonnes of CO2 underground.

The Midwest Geological Sequestration Consortium (MGSC) has begun injecting carbon dioxide (CO2) for the first million-tonne demonstration of carbon sequestration in the US. The CO2 will be stored permanently in the Mount Simon Sandstone more than a mile beneath the Illinois surface at Decatur. The MGSC is led by the Illinois State Geological Survey (ISGS), part of the Prairie Research Institute at the University of Illinois. "Establishing long-term, environmentally safe and secure underground CO2 storage is a critical component in achieving successful commercial deployment of carbon capture, utilization and storage (CCUS) technology," said Chuck McConnell, Chief Operating Officer for the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Office of Fossil Energy (FE). "This injection test project by MGSC, as well as those undertaken by other FE regional partnerships, are helping confirm the great potential and viability of permanent geologic storage as an important option in climate change mitigation strategies." MGSC is one of seven regional partnerships created by the DOE to advance technologies nationwide for capturing and permanently storing greenhouse gases that contribute to global climate change. "I want to congratulate the Midwest Geological Sequestration Consortium, the Prairie Research Institute, ADM, and the other partners on this leading-edge demonstration project that has brought the future of clean energy research and technology to the state of Illinois today," said Illinois Governor Pat Quinn. "We are poised to reap the economic and environmental benefits that this public-private partnership has produced. This successful project gives Illinois a competitive advantage to attract green businesses and address our climate change responsibilities."

Source: November 29, 2011

Financing Battle Emerges at Climate Change Talks

By Arthur Max

International climate negotiators were at odds Tuesday on how to raise billions of dollars to help poor countries cope with global warming. A major shipping group is willing to help, endorsing a proposal for a carbon tax on vessels carrying the world's trade.

Details of the tussle over the funding emerged as the U.N.'s weather agency reported that 2011 was tied as the 10th hottest year since records began in 1850. Arctic sea ice, a barometer for the entire planet, had shrunk to a record low volume, said the World Meteorological Organization. Putting the final touches on what's known as the Green Climate Fund is a top issue at the 192-party U.N. climate conference that was in its second day Tuesday in the South African coastal city of Durban, and one of the keys of a strategy to contain greenhouse gas emissions and keep global warming within manageable limits. The two-week conference is to finalize a plan on managing climate finances, due to scale up to $100 billion annually by 2020. The International Chamber of Shipping, representing about 80 percent of the world's merchant marine, joined forces with aid groups Oxfam and WWF International Tuesday to urge the conference to adopt guidelines for a levy on carbon emissions by ships. Details of any levy would be worked out by the International Maritime Organization, the U.N. agency regulating international shipping, the aid groups and the chamber said in a joint statement. "Shipping has to take responsibility for the emissions and get to grips and drive them down, and they see that the best way to do that it to have a universal charge applied to all ships that is going to generate billions of dollars" to fight climate change, Tim Gore of Oxfam said on the sidelines of the climate conference. About 50,000 cargo ships carry 90 percent of world trade, and most ships are powered by heavily polluting oil known as bunker fuels. Last July the U.N. maritime organization decided that new cargo vessels must meet energy efficiency standards and cut pollution. It was the first climate change measure to apply equally to countries regardless of whether they are from the industrialized or developing world.

At the conference, differences came into focus over the Green Climate Fund. Delegations disagreed about how independent the fund will be, by whom it will be guided over the years, and whether the bulk of the money will come from public funds and government aid or from private sources and investments. A 40-nation committee worked on a draft agreement in several lengthy meetings over the last year, but a consensus at the final meeting last month was blocked by objections from the United States and Saudi Arabia. Now negotiators in Durban must settle the final disputes. "We are going to have a very thorough and open discussion on that very contentious paper," said Pedro Pedroso, the delegate from Cuba. U.S. delegate Jonathan Pershing said Monday the U.S. has "substantive concerns" about the committee's plan, but "we believe these issues can be fixed." Washington wants to ensure that private investments are not hamstrung by bureaucracy and that they can bypass any approval process by governments. The world temperatures report released Tuesday provided a bleak backdrop to negotiators seeking ways to limit pollution blamed for global warming.

2011 has been a year of extreme weather, the WMO reported. Drought in East Africa has left tens of thousands dead; lethal floods submerged large areas of Asia; the United States suffered 14 separate weather catastrophes with damage topping $1 billion each, including severe drought in Texas and the southwest, heavy floods in the northeast and the Mississippi valley, and the most active tornado season ever known. "The science is solid and proves unequivocally that the world is warming," said R.D.J. Lengoasa, the WMO's deputy director, and human activity is a significant contributor. "Climate change is real, and we are already observing its manifestations in weather and climate patterns around the world," he said.

Source: November 29, 2011
Link of the Week
Ladybugs Changed Color in Response to Climate Change
Did you Know ?
The World Meteorological Organization said that carbon dioxide levels rose to 389 parts per million last year, an annual rise of 2.3 ppm and edging closer to the 450 ppm level that could precipitate two degrees of warming.
Media and Event Watch
Every Monday 8:30 pm on Nepal FM 91.8 MHZ “Climate Change Mero Bhawisya Mero Chaso”
Every Sunday at 7:30 am on Radio Sagarmatha 102.4 MHz "Batabaran Dabali"
Every Monday at 5:30 pm (re-telecast every Tuesday 11 am) on ABC Television “Climate Change
Every Alternate Friday at 2 PM on ENPHO Hall – “Green Discussion” Organized by Clean Energy Nepal, Nepalese Youth for Climate Action anGrnd Green Youth Network
Every Friday on The Himalayan Times “THT Green Plus”
Environment Cycle Radio F.M.104.2Mhz (ECR FM)
QUIZ of the Week # 500
According to Nepal government-set rate, travelers have to pay a minimum of Rs ……………. for up to 4-km distance and the rate increases further with the distance.
a)    10
b)    11
c)    12
d)    13

While sending your answer please mention “Quiz of the week#” in the subject line and please send your answer in

One lucky winner will get a T-shirt with an Environmental Message from Clean Energy Nepal.
Answer of the week # 499
The government Nepal has fixed ……………………… mg/Nm3 as the maximum limit of suspended particulate matters in smoke emitted by brick kilns. However, brick kilns with movable chimneys emit smoke filled with from 1,000 to 1,200 mg/Nm3 suspended particulate matters.
b) 700

Anita Khanal
Raju Katuwal
Keshab Raj Joshi
Abhushan Neupane
Sagar Shiwakoti
Heerakaji Maharjan
Khem Raj Bhandari
Rahul Ghale
Yagya Vajra
Rajan Neupane
Aayush Pokhrel
Sandesh Shrestha

Anita Khanal is the lucky winner for this week. Please contact the CEN office within a week with your identity card.

Congratulation to the Winner and thanks to all participants.
Prepared by: Suman Udas and Pabitra Basnet
Edited by: Bhushan Tuladhar
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