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Green Discussion on “Emission Reduction Program Document (ER-PD)”

The Government of Nepal (GoN) Reducing Emissions from Deforestation and Forest Degradation (REDD) Implementation Centre formally launched the Emission Reduction Program Document (ER-PD) on the 14 August 2016 in Kathmandu. The ER-PD envisages managing national forests with appropriate safeguards and a benefit sharing mechanism that will bring economic benefits to local forest management groups. It is expected that the Government of Nepal will enter into Emission Reduction Purchasing Agreement with Forest Carbon Partnership Facility (FCPF) by 2017.
With the purpose to share major aspects of the ER-PD and REDD+, Clean Energy Nepal (CEN) together with Nepalese Youth for Climate Action (NYCA) organized a Green Discussion program on “Nepal’s Emission Reduction Program” on 14th June, 2017 at ENPHO, Kathmandu. As a resource person Mr. Ugan Manandhar, Deputy Director, WWF Nepal presented on Nepal’s ER-PD. Giving the genealogy of REDD+ program in Nepal, he shared that the concept of REDD has been developed with the idea of creating an international framework to halt deforestation and forest degradation under the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) in developing countries. “REDD+ is an evolutionary process”, he added. He further informed that in relation to the REDD+ readiness work, the GON also prepared an Emission Reduction Program Idea Note (ER-PIN) and presented to FCPF Carbon Fund for future carbon finance operation. The ER-PIN contemplates a landscape level operation in 12 districts of the Terai Arc Landscape encompassing 2.3 million ha (15% of the country’s total land area). Presenting on ER interventions and ERPD budget, he informed that the proposed program includes a range of interventions, including forest management enhancements, energy efficiency innovations (biogas and improved cook stoves), livelihood and agricultural intensification. Based on GoN’s own estimation, the program could generate emission reductions of up to 14 million tons of CO2 over a 5-year period. He briefed on the policies and guidelines related to forest and analysis of barriers on its implementation. He stressed Land Use Planning as one of the most important indicator for the effective implementation of ERPD. On a closing remark, he said that though the timber trade seems attractive with several times higher income generation than that of carbon trading, we cannot sustain without forest resources as it acts as both; a source and a sink of CO2 “Though it’s a slow process, the long terms benefits of carbon trade overcomes the short term benefits of timber trade”, he concluded.

Addressing the queries from the group regarding the role of youths, he exemplified the role of generations to come as the youths will be in the driving seat when this enters into force. Hence, youths needs to be involved and engaged to understand how it actually works. He shared his pleasure to be a part of the Green Discussion and suggested youths to take it as a platform to learn and understand the prevalent contemporary issues. The discussion was participated by more than 70 participants from different institutions.  


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