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Clean Energy News Vol. 11, Number 40, December 14, 2011

Clean Energy News
Vol. 11, Number 40, December 14, 2011
CE News is a free weekly e-mail publications that features news, information and events related tp clean energy, clean air and climate change. CE News is published by Clean Energy Nepal. For more information on our campaign please visit
•    Climate Meet Ends with Promises
•    Pollution Tax Not Utilised As Planned
•    'Sexual Harassment Rife In Public Buses'
•    Chinese Govt To Fund Ring Road Expansion
•    Underpasses, Flyovers to be Built at Capital’s Five Busiest Junctions
•    PAC Orders Demolition of Kalanki Flyover
•    Industrialists Demand Cancellation of Dual Pricing In Fuels
•    Canada First Nation to Pull Out of Kyoto Protocol
•    UN Climate Deal Reached in Durban
•    Direct Air Capture of CO2 to Fight Global Warming is Too Expensive to be Feasible
•    Biofuel Aspirations Spur 'Land Grabs' That Hurt The Poor, Says Report
•    World Risks Climate Catastrophe: IEA
•    Link Of The Week
•    Did You Know?
•    Media Watch
•    QUIZ Of The Week #  502
•    Answer Of Quiz Of The Week # 501

Local News
Climate Meet Ends with Promises

By Ramesh Prasad Bhushal

Ignoring scientists’ advice to act urgently to overcome the impact of climate change, the governments across the globe turned their back to science while taking decisions during the 17th meeting of UN climate talks here, where the delegates from 195 countries had extensive negotiations but came up with nothing much to show.

The IPCC, the UN’s leading authority on climate science, had warned in its report in 2007 that the countries should drastically cut carbon dioxide emissions before 2020 at any cost. It had urged the governments to take actions that would demonstrate by 2012 that the emission levels were going down at a rate that by 2020 emission levels go down by 40 per cent. “Our atmosphere has been loaded with a carbon debt and the bill, carrying a Durban postmark, has been posted to the world’s poorest countries. The chance of averting catastrophic climate change is slipping through our hands with every passing year that nations fail to agree on a rescue plan for the planet,” said Kumi Naidoo, Executive Director, Greenpeace International, reacting to the outcome of the meeting in Durban that ended this morning, two days behind schedule. The meeting that began on November 29 was delayed, as the rich and developed countries kept resisting poor countries’ plea to implement legally binding carbon emissions cut instantly. After a series of talks on the last three days, the governments did decide that there will be another timeframe to deal with emissions under the Kyoto protocol but postponed putting it into action until next year. Rajendra Pachauri, the head of the IPCC, said it was embarrassing that the leaders had stopped talking about science and gave preference to national and international politics ‘that won’t help saving the earth’.

Last year in Mexico it was decided that the governments would agree in Durban on global peak year for emissions and set targets to cut global emissions by 2015 but they have done neither. The meeting, however, decided to operationalise the green climate fund, which was established last year in Mexico. The countries had pledged to put $100 billion each year in green climate fund that would be effective from 2020. Durban meeting agreed to establish an office and start working on green climate funds.  “No piece of this package on its own would completely satisfy your respective countries’ national interests. We came to Durban knowing that we will have to make compromises,” said Maite Nkoana Mashabane, the president of the meeting this year and the minister of International Relations and Cooperation of SA. “In Durban, governments decided to adopt a universal legal agreement on climate change as soon as possible, but not later than 2015. Governments, including 38 industrialised countries, agreed on a second commitment period of the Kyoto Protocol from 2013,” said Christiana Figueres, Executive Secretary of the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change.

Source: December 11, 2011

Pollution Tax Not Utilised As Planned

By Pragati Shahi

While the air quality in the Kathmandu Valley is deteriorating at an alarming rate, around Rs 690 million collected for the environmental protection in the capital city is likely to be spent for the rehabilitation package of the discharged UCPN (Maoist) combatants.

A senior government official at the Ministry of Environment (MoE) said the money collected as pollution tax since 2007 is likely to be utilised for the package. “We have not been able to utilise the money collected as pollution tax although it is within the ministry’s purview,” said Jay Ram Adhikary, under secretary at the Environmental Promotion and Fund Mobilisation Centre under MoE. It is interesting to note that the government had established the Environment Protection Fund (EPF) under the Environment Protection Act 1996 for the protection of environment, control of pollution and protection of national heritage related with environment conservation. Similarly, although Financial Act 2002-2003 decided to collect pollution tax of 50 paisa from a unit of petroleum products sold in the Kathmandu Valley and provide it to EPF, the provision has not been implemented. Adhikary said since the government’s decision to collect pollution tax in 2007, MoE data shows around Rs 690 million has been collected. However, the government has decided to institute another fund (yet to be named) and deposit the money collected as pollution tax, he said. “At present the money is collected under central revenue account of the government.” Lok Darshan Regmi, joint secretary at the Ministry of Finance, said although the rehabilitation package is on top priority of the government, nothing has been decided regarding funds for the package. “We have not decided whether the money will be collected internally or through external sources,” he said.

During a meeting of EPF management committee two months ago, the committee chairman and MoE secretary had raised the concern about implementing EPF by the ministry and utilising the money for environmental programmes but it did not elicit any response. The meeting included representatives from the National Planning Commission, Finance Ministry and Rastrya Bank. “MoE is helpless as environment is less prioritised sector for the government compared to Finance and Home ministries,” said Adhikary. Meanwhile, a recent meeting of the Climate Change Council chaired by Prime Minister Baburam Bhattarai laid stress on utilising tax amount in pollution control programmes in the Valley. It is a general trend in the developed countries to levy a pollution tax as per the universal principle of polluter pays, according to environmentalist Bhusan Tuladhar. “The money collected as pollution tax should be used to fund programmes to prevent and control pollution like promoting electric vehicles, establishing monitoring stations and formulating policies, among others; however, it is not happening in our context,” he added. 

Source: December 9, 2011

'Sexual Harassment Rife In Public Buses'      

Sexual harassment against fairer sex in public transport is growing, says a research jointly conducted by Action Aid Nepal, Home Net and Mahila Adhikar Manch. More alarming is the finding that even baby girls are not spared!

The research entitled "Women and Cities: Examining the gender impact of violence and urbanization" was conducted in five countries - Nepal, Ethopia, Cambodia, Liberia and Uganda. A documentary film shot recently in Kathmandu showed a 2-year-old girl being touched in her private parts while she is perched on the lap of her grandmother, who noticed the matter only after the girl began to cry. The bus was plying through a busy street of the capital.

The videos captured by Action Aid showed several cases of sexual harassment in public vehicles. Out of 100 females who use public transport on a daily basis, a majority stated that they felt very uncomfortable to travel in buses and micro vans, yet they had no choice. They claimed that such harassments have become rampant due to overcrowding. The research urges a system for controlling such violence. Besides, it calls for better transport facilities that could make traveling easier for women. Talking to Republica, Mona Sherpa of Action Aid Nepal said sexual harassment in public vehicle is a very serious matter as it affects many women. "The issue, however, has never been raised publicly,” Sherpa said. “It is sad that even women police and others who are supposed to understand the problem keep mum and do not take initiative against such violence.”

Source: December 8, 2011

Chinese Govt To Fund Ring Road Expansion

Nine-kilometre stretch of the 10-lane ring road is being redesigned in coordination with the government of People’s Republic of China.

According to the Ministry of Physical Planning and Works, the ring road stretch between Kalanki and Tinkune, will be expanded to 10 lanes by July 2014. “The Chinese technical team is preparing the design. The team recently completed the field visit and started the designing process,” said Tulasi Prasad Sitaula, secretary at the MoPPW. “The bidding process will be over within six months and the Chinese government will send the contractors to carry out the construction by the next fiscal year,” he added.

The 10-lane ring road will have four central lanes, two service tracks on each side and one cycle-cum-walking lane on each side. The total right of way of the ring road will be 62 metres, according to the MoPPW. Two major motor bridges will be built between Kalanki and Tinkune, apart from overhead bridges. “These will include pedestrian bridges and flyovers for vehicles at major intersections,” said Sitaula. “The construction will begin next fiscal year and is likely to be completed in another two years.” China will provide 350 million yuans to complete the nine km stretch of the ring road. China has also assured the Nepali government to assist in the development of remaining section of the ring road, claimed the Ministry of Physical Planning and Works officials. The Kathmandu Metropolitan City and the MoPPW had permitted Innovative Concept Nepal, a private company, to construct three overhead bridges along the ring road at Kalanki, Balaju and Machhapokhari in the last fiscal year. The construction of the three-storey overhead bridges had begun but a few weeks ago the Parliamentary Public Accounts Committee ordered dismantling of the bridges for the development of the ring road. The contractor should demolish the construction on its own expenses as per the agreement with the government made last year, according to the Ministry of Physical Planning and Works.

The work to expand road from Maitighar to Tinkune (about 3 km) to six lanes is on. The process to clear the encroached land has been completed, said Sitaula. Innovative Concept Nepal was also permitted to construct three-storey overhead bridge at Naya Baneshwor, along with the ring road overhead bridges. However, the construction of overhead bridge at Baneshwor is unlikely to happen, said the ministry officials.
10-lane stretch
•    Nine km section of ring road between Kalanki and Tinkune to be expanded to 10 lanes
•    Chinese govt to fund 350 million yuans
•    Construction to begin next fiscal and will be completed by July 2014

Source: December 6, 2011

Underpasses, Flyovers to be Built at Capital’s Five Busiest Junctions

In a bid to address the capital’s traffic problems, the government is preparing to construct underpasses or flyovers at the city’s five busiest junctions. Kalimati, Tripureshwor, Thapathali, New Baneshwor and Old Baneshwor have been selected for this project.

The Department of Roads has recently completed a preliminary configuration design for grade separation of the selected intersections. Grade separation is a method that is used to improve traffic flow at intersections and junctions by constructing tunnels, ramps, underpass roads or flyovers. According to department officials, construction of the underpasses or flyovers of two to four lanes will be completed in three to five years. The amount of resources that will be required will be known only after the government finalises the design and prepares a detailed project report (DPR). “Our consultant has suggested three to five options for each junction based on the location and traffic flow,” said Naresh Man Shakya, senior divisional engineer at the department. He added that they would consult all the stakeholders including the concerned ministries, traffic police, Kathmandu Metropolitan City, security agencies and transport entrepreneurs within two weeks to pick out the best option for the DPR. The department had assigned the job of preparing the preliminary designs of grade separated intersections and the DPR to a consulting firm Salt Test in a joint venture with Abhiyan Consulting for Rs 11.7 million. The consultant has set a target to complete the DPR by the end of the current fiscal year.

The five junctions were selected to help reduce traffic congestion and make it easier for vehicles to reach the airport from Kalanki. The government is working on widening the Maitighar-Tinkune stretch to eight lanes from four lanes, and a plan for the New Baneshwor intersection envisages building a 17-m wide, four-lane ramped flyover to separate critical lanes with a high traffic volume on the Araniko Highway.Under this option, traffic on the service roads and the road from Shankhamul to Old Baneshwor will be managed by traffic signals. Shakya said that the best option for each location would be finalised after consultations with stakeholders based mainly one the response from the public, the resources required and the availability of space. “Our focus will be on making the junctions congestion-free for the next 10-20 years by improving the existing infrastructure,” he added. The options that have been presented have been based on congestion sources and video graphic study of daily traffic movement of all types of traffic including pedestrians crossing the junctions, according to the department. The department is considering providing a separate lane for bikes at the junctions to be improved and also make these junctions disabled-friendly. Shakya said that since construction of grade intersections was a high priority plan, the department would start implementation from next year. He added that some Chinese firms had shown interest in bringing investment and carrying out the project before the government fixes the financing mechanism.

Source: December 12, 2011

PAC Orders Demolition of Kalanki Flyover

The parliament´s Public Accounts Committee (PAC) has directed the government to demolish the under-construction overhead bridge at Kalanki crossroads and halt constructing overhead bridges at New Baneshwar and Gongabu intersections and inform the committee within the next 15 months.

A PAC meeting Thursday made the decision as majority members of the committee said it would be a gross misuse of state´s funds to invest in such bridges that need to be demolished while widening the roads. The governments of Nepal and China have already signed an agreement to widen the ring road to make it eight-lane road. Lawmakers at the meeting fiercely criticized the government for not implementing the PAC´s previous instruction to demolish the Kalanki construction. The PAC had on three occasions issued similar directives to the government. "It has been found that the government has not implemented the PAC´s previous directives to demolish the under-construction bridges. Therefore, this meeting hereby instructs the government to implement this directive and inform the committee within the next 15 days," the committee´s chairman Ram Krishna Yadav read out the decision at the meeting.

The parliamentary committee took the decision after listening views from Minister for Local Development Top Bahadur Rayamajhi and Minister for Physical Planning and Works Hridayesh Tripathi and top officials from both the ministries and the Kathmandu Metropolitan Office. Nepali Congress (NC) lawmakers Deep Kumar Upadhyay and Tulasi Subba, however, were against issuing such a directive saying that it would be injustice to the construction company to demolish the constructions as the company has already invested huge money for that. UCPN (Maoist) Chairman Pushpa Kamal Dahal and then Prime Minister Madhav Kumar Nepal laid foundation stones of the bridges at Kalanki and New Baneshwar respectively.

Source: December 8, 2011

Industrialists Demand Cancellation of Dual Pricing In Fuels

The industrialists in Sunsari-Morang industrial corridor have refused to purchase the fuels at the new rate following the government’s decision of imposing dual pricing on diesel and kerosene.

Morang Merchant Association (MMA) and Morang Chamber of Industries (MCI) on Monday warned of staging series of agitation if the government does not amend its decision of increasing the price of fuels used for industrial purpose. The Nepal Oil Corporation (NOC) has hiked the price of diesel used for the industrial purpose by Rs. 19 per litre to Rs. 95 effective from Sunday.“Due to increased load-shedding hours, most of the industries are operating through diesel powered generators and further hike in the price of the fuels have adversely affected the industries,” industrialists bemoan. They also said that around 20 percent industries have closed down due to load-shedding as use of generators soared their production costs. Meanwhile, Federation of Nepal Cottage and Small Industries (FNCSI) and Nepal Chamber of Commerce (NCC) has also condemned the dual pricing in the fuels imposed by the government. Issuing a statement on Monday, FNCSI said that the government should scrap its decision of increasing the fuels price and provide industries diesel in the dealers’ rate.

Source: December 13, 2011
International News
Canada First Nation to Pull Out of Kyoto Protocol

By David Ljunggren and Randall Palmer

Canada on Monday became the first country to announce it would withdraw from the Kyoto protocol on climate change, dealing a symbolic blow to the already troubled global treaty.

Environment Minister Peter Kent broke the news on his return from talks in Durban, where countries agreed to extend Kyoto for five years and hammer out a new deal forcing all big polluters for the first time to limit greenhouse gas emissions. Canada, a major energy producer which critics complain is becoming a climate renegade, has long complained Kyoto is unworkable precisely because it excludes so many significant emitters. "As we've said, Kyoto for Canada is in the past ... We are invoking our legal right to formally withdraw from Kyoto," Kent told reporters. The right-of-center Conservative government of Prime Minister Stephen Harper, which has close ties to the energy sector, says Canada would be subject to penalties equivalent to C$14 billion ($13.6 billion) under the terms of the treaty for not cutting emissions by the required amount by 2012. "To meet the targets under Kyoto for 2012 would be the equivalent of either removing every car truck, all-terrain vehicle, tractor, ambulance, police car and vehicle off every kind of Canadian road," said Kent. Environmentalists quickly blasted Kent for his comments.

"It's a national disgrace. Prime Minister Harper just spat in the faces of people around the world for whom climate change is increasingly a life and death issue," said Graham Saul of Climate Action Network Canada. Kent did not give details on when Ottawa would pull out of a treaty he said could not work. Canada kept quiet during the Durban talks so as not to be a distraction, he added. "The writing on the wall for Kyoto has been recognized by even those countries which are engaging in a second commitment," he said. Kyoto's first phase was due to expire at the end of 2012 but has now been extended until 2017. Kent said Canada would work toward a new global deal obliging all major nations to cut output of greenhouse gases China and India are not bound by Kyoto's current targets. The Conservatives took power in 2006 and quickly made clear they would not stick to Canada's Kyoto commitments on the grounds it would cripple the economy and the energy sector. The announcement will do little to help Canada's international reputation. Green groups awarded the country their Fossil of the Year award for its performance in Durban. "Our government is abdicating its international responsibilities. It's like where the kid in school who knows he's going to fail the class, so he drops it before that happens," said Megan Leslie of the opposition New Democrats. Canada is the largest supplier of oil and natural gas to the United States and is keen to boost output of crude from Alberta's oil sands, which requires large amounts of energy to extract.

Source: December 13, 2011

UN Climate Deal Reached in Durban

By Nina Chestney and Jon Herskovitz

Climate negotiators agreed a pact on Sunday that would for the first time force all the biggest polluters to take action on greenhouse gas emissions, but critics said the action plan was not aggressive enough to slow the pace of global warming.

The package of accords extended the Kyoto Protocol, the only global pact that enforces carbon cuts, agreed the format of a fund to help poor countries tackle climate change and mapped out a path to a legally binding agreement on emissions reductions. But many small island states and developing nations at risk of being swamped by rising sea levels and extreme weather said the deal marked the lowest common denominator possible and lacked the ambition needed to ensure their survival. Agreement on the package, reached in the early hours of Sunday, avoided a collapse of the talks and spared the blushes of host South Africa, whose stewardship of the two weeks of often fractious negotiations came under fire from rich and poor nations. "We came here with plan A, and we have concluded this meeting with plan A to save one planet for the future of our children and our grandchildren to come," said South African Foreign Minister Maite Nkoana-Mashabane, who chaired the talks. "We have made history," she said, bringing the hammer down on Durban conference, the longest in two decades of U.N. climate negotiations.

Source: December 9, 2011

Direct Air Capture of CO2 to Fight Global Warming is Too Expensive to be Feasible

Using existing technology to "scrub" carbon dioxide directly from the atmosphere is far costlier than capturing emissions directly from the smokestacks of coal-burning power plants, reports a paper published this week in the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences.

The study, authored by researchers from Stanford and MIT, found that air-capture of CO2 would cost 10-20 times that of carbon capture from "large centralized sources such as power plants, cement plants, fertilizer plants and refineries." The current cost of such capture at centralized sources is $50-100 per metric ton. "Direct air capture sounds great in theory," said Stanford energy and environmental researcher Jennifer Wilcox in a statement. "In reality, though, a lot of energy is required, and using fossil-based energy sources to capture and regenerate the carbon dioxide could readily result in more carbon dioxide entering the atmosphere than is captured. Nigel Sizer, a scientist at the World Resources Institute (WRI), wryly noted that the world already has a cheap way to absorb carbon dioxide directly from the air: trees. Tropical forests absorb more than a billion tons (3.7 billion tons of CO2) of carbon per year. "For direct air capture to be feasible, carbon-free energy, such as solar or wind, is required. But that carbon-free energy would be used more cost effectively to replace CO2-emitting power plants." The researchers note that concentrations of CO2 in the air are 300 times lower than in the smokestack of a coal-fired power plant. "The lower atmospheric concentration makes removal from air much more expensive than removing CO2 directly from the flue gases at the source," Wilcox said. While technology could help make scrubbers more efficient, the economics seems to still favor targeting major emissions sources. "It's possible to come up with air-scrubbing systems that appear to be feasible. But if you look at empirical data – how engineers look at this, with real-world efficiencies – you don't find many reasons to be hopeful," explained said co-author Howard Herzog of the MIT Energy Initiative. The study concludes the best path for reducing atmospheric carbon dioxide is to directly cut emissions. "Ultimately, society needs to move completely away from carbon-based energy resources," said Wilcox.

Source: December 9, 2011

Biofuel Aspirations Spur 'Land Grabs' That Hurt The Poor, Says Report

More than 40 million hectares of land has been acquired in developing countries for biofuel production in the past decade, reports a new study published by the International Land Coalition.

The research looked exclusively at large land acquisitions between 2000 and 2010. These amounted to 200 million hectares of land, of which the authors were able to discern the intent for 71 million ha. Surprisingly the report, titled “Land Rights and the Rush for Land: Findings of the Global Commercial Pressures on Land Research Project”, found that food production was only the focus of less than a fifth of the land deals. Nearly 60 percent was for biofuels. The report says that while large investments in agriculture can bring benefits, "they are more likely to cause problems for the poorest members of society, who often lose access to land and resources that are essential to their livelihoods." The reason? The rural poor often lack rights to the land they traditionally use. Furthermore, benefits from land deals typically skew toward local elites. “The competition for land is becoming increasingly global and increasingly unequal. Weak governance, corruption and a lack of transparency in decision-making, which are key features of the typical environment in which large-scale land acquisitions take place, mean that the poor gain few benefits from these deals but pay high costs,” Madiodio Niasse, Secretariat Director of the International Land Coalition, said in a statement. “As governments own the land it is easy for them to lease large areas to investors, but the benefits for local communities or national treasuries are often minimal,” added co-author Lorenzo Cotula of the International Institute for Environment and Development. “This highlights the need for poor communities to have stronger rights over the land they have lived on for generations.” The report notes that while international trade agreements provide legal protection to large investors, there are fewer such protections for small land users, who can rarely afford legal representation. Additionally governments typically favor large, industrial farming over small-scale approaches, according to the report. Land Rights and the Rush for Land says that although the "dispossession and marginalization of the rural poor is nothing new", the current rush for land is accelerating, making the problem worse. “There is little in our findings to suggest that the term ‘land grabbing’ is not widely deserved,” says Michael Taylor, ILC Secretariat’s Programme Manager, Global Policy and Africa. The report concludes with a series of recommendations including recognizing the customary land and resource rights of rural people, improving transparency around land-use decisions, increasing emphasis on smallholder production in agricultural development strategies, ensuring international human rights law work for the rural poor, and incorporating concepts of environmental sustainability into land and water-based acquisitions and investments.

Source: December 14, 2011

World Risks Climate Catastrophe: IEA

The absence of a global legally binding agreement on climate change, along with a rethink on nuclear energy, risks a failure to arrest catastrophic temperature rises, the International Energy Authority's chief economist says.

IEA chief economist Fatih Birol said the pact agreed in Durban on the weekend was good news because it was supported by and signed by all governments that need to be involved. "However the question mark I have in my mind is I hope it wouldn't leave some of the countries not to act for the next 10 years or act efficiently which would mean ... closing the door to 2 degrees," Dr Birol told reporters in Canberra yesterday. With Chinese emissions set to overtake Europe's by 2015 on a per capita basis and to reach OECD averages by 2030, it was vital for increasing dialogue with China, Dr Birol said. The door would be closed on the agreed limit of a 2 degree rise in temperatures struck by countries at Copenhagen and Cancun without clean technology investment in the area of carbon capture and storage (CCS) in the coal industry. "I wouldn't be telling you the truth if I was to say there was a very strong appetite today in the world for CCS especially because there is no carbon price to support the CCS projects," Dr Birol said. "In order to see a major wave of efficient, clean energy technology investments coming through we have to see a legally binding agreement before to give the signal to the investors so that they go and invest in that direction." The world was on track for a 6-degree increase by 2035 and at current infrastructure rates was using about 80 per cent of emissions needed to stay under the 2-degree trajectory. "If, as of 2017, we do not see a major way of clean efficient technologies then the door to 2 degrees will be closed and will be closed forever," Dr Birol said.

China and India would drive 50 per cent of the future growth for global energy demand, Dr Birol said. "Decisions which will be made in Beijing, New Delhi and Moscow will not only affect their energy markets but through trade, through prices, the entire world." US President Barack Obama's move to introduce fuel efficiency standards for cars and trucks would result in downward pressure on demand and reliance on oil in the nation, Dr Birol said. By 2015 Europe would be the largest oil importer but would soon be joined by China. If Arab countries moved to defer investment in oil projects by a third or less, oil prices could reach $150 a barrel by 2015. Whether the "golden age of gas" arrived depended on how well best practice was used to avoid the environmental implications on non-conventional gas, including coal seam gas. Any major shift away from nuclear energy by Japan in the wake of the Fukushima disaster and in OECD countries would mark a further shift towards coal, renewable energy and natural gas. The implications would mean an increase of 6.29 per cent in carbon emissions and higher energy prices stemming from less market diversification and the increased demand on coal and gas. Russia could save a tremendous amount of energy and double its gas exports without increasing domestic production by introducing similar energy standards to OECD countries, Dr Birol said.

Source: December 13, 2011
Link of the Week

    Increased Bicycling Will Help EU Meet Climate Targets, Report Says
    Please Visit:

Did you Know ?
On average, fossil fuel emissions have risen by 3.1 per cent each year between 2000 and 2010 three times the rate of increase during the 1990s. They are projected to continue to increase by 3.1 per cent in 2011.
Media and Event Watch
Every Monday 8:30 pm on Nepal FM 91.8 MHZ “Climate Change Mero Bhawisya Mero Chaso”
Every Sunday at 7:30 am on Radio Sagarmatha 102.4 MHz "Batabaran Dabali"
Every Monday at 5:30 pm (re-telecast every Tuesday 11 am) on ABC Television “Climate Change
Every Alternate Friday at 2 PM on ENPHO Hall – “Green Discussion” Organized by Clean Energy Nepal, Nepalese Youth for Climate Action anGrnd Green Youth Network
Every Friday on The Himalayan Times “THT Green Plus”
Environment Cycle Radio F.M.104.2Mhz (ECR FM)
QUIZ of the Week # 501
HFC-23 is a byproduct of the refrigerant HCFC-22, which is currently being phased out under the Montreal Protocol for its ozone-depleting and greenhouse gas properties. HFC-23 has a warming potential …………………. times that of carbon dioxide.
a)    1010
b)    1210
c)    1610
d)    1810

While sending your answer please mention “Quiz of the week#” in the subject line and please send your answer in

One lucky winner will get a T-shirt with an Environmental Message from Clean Energy Nepal.
Answer of the week # 500
The World Meteorological Organization said that carbon dioxide levels rose to …………….. parts per million last year, an annual rise of 2.3 ppm and edging closer to the 450 ppm level that could precipitate two degrees of warming.
a)    389

Sushmita Dahal
Keshab Raj Joshi
Yagya Vajra
Ram Chandra Subedi
Biraj Bastola
Rahul Ghale
Anita Khanal
Dristy Shrestha
Aayush Pokhrel
Sandesh Shrestha

Sushmita Dahal is the lucky winner for this week. Please contact the CEN office within a week with your identity card.

Congratulation to the Winner and thanks to all participants.

Prepared by: Suman Udas and Pabitra Basnet
Edited by: Bhushan Tuladhar
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